Nicaragua has 7% of the world's biodiversity in just 0.13% (130,000 km²) of territory worldwide. It has 6,014 species of plants and 14,287 of fauna.
The national system of protected areas represents 18% of the national territory, with an area greater than two million hectares. 72 protected areas have been declared.
Due to the high degree of conservation, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, Unesco, has recognized three biosphere reserves: Bosawás, Río San Juan and Isla de Ometepe. It is in the process of being recognized as the Coco River geopark.
Four hydrographic basins and nine wetlands of international importance recognized by the Ramsar Convention are counted.
As part of the strategic alliances for the conservation of rural and environmental tourism, as well as to strengthen the biological connectivity of protected areas, 145 private wild reserves have been declared that incorporate 16,863 hectares, the goal for 2020 is to declare 93 new ones.
Of 58 municipal ecological parks -for 2020- 45 have been inaugurated, with an area of 24,441 hectares.
From 2007 to date, 2,138,236 sea turtles have nested in two wildlife refuges that attract five of the seven species of sea turtles that exist in the world, achieving the birth of 10,120,668 baby turtles.
More information at www.visitanicaragua.com