Recovery and the challenge of not repeating mistakes

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Travel2Latam
https://en.travel2latam.com/nota/63149-recovery-and-the-challenge-of-not-repeating-mistakes
Recovery and the challenge of not repeating mistakes
Wed October 07, 2020

States are working with the private sector around the clock to avoid implementing measures that have severely damaged the market

 


Although many countries in the Americas are managing to contain the pandemic, it is a fact that strong source markets are experiencing a second wave and their states are studying how to implement measures that do not generate collateral damage that have put the travel and tourism market on the brink of collapse.
During the last weeks, different organizations and associations continue to press for systematic tests for COVID-19 to be carried out before the departure of trips as a guarantee that the industry is not responsible for the spread of infections. That should give governments the confidence to reopen borders and support revival.
Without further margin, the states, the health authorities, the WHO and private companies know that they still have time to change course and regain a virtuous sector.
The crisis is getting longer and deeper than anyone could have imagined and the months to come are traditionally the weakest.
Zurab Pololikashvili, Secretary General of the UNWTO has been one of the most active officials during long months of standing and is becoming more and more firm in his intentions to reopen the market so that it operates in the new normal. Yesterday he stated: "Tourism is an important engine of the world economy and represents 7% of international trade. It directly or indirectly generates one in ten jobs globally."
"The COVID-19 crisis has devastated the tourism economy, with unprecedented effects on employment and businesses. It was one of the first sectors to be deeply affected by the COVID-19 containment measures, and with the restrictions of Ongoing journey and the looming global recession, you also risk being among the last to recover. Strong and coordinated action is required to save millions of livelihoods. "
"With a 60-80% decrease in international tourism forecast for 2020 and a fall of between $ 910 billion and $ 1.2 trillion in exports, today more than 100 million direct tourism jobs are at risk. of this direct impact, the tourism economy is also linked to many other sectors, including construction, agri-food, distribution services and transportation, all of which exacerbate the magnitude of the impact. "
"COVID-19 has revealed the macroeconomic importance of tourism in most OECD and G20 economies. Many companies across the sector are struggling to survive, with a disproportionate effect on women, youth, rural communities, Indigenous peoples and informal workers, groups that are more likely to work in tourism micro or small businesses. This crisis is also creating even greater hardships for low-income and developing economies and their local communities, which are disproportionately dependent on tourism. and therefore face a serious risk of increased poverty. "
"The current crisis has also exposed gaps in government and industry preparedness and response capacity. Policy action at the national and international levels, as well as greater coordination across sectors and borders, are urgently needed to restore traveler and business confidence, stimulate demand, and accelerate tourism recovery. "
"Turning the crisis into opportunity: working for a more sustainable, inclusive and resilient tourism sector
This crisis is an opportunity to rethink tourism development. Recovery must involve transforming the sector, reinventing tourism destinations and businesses, rebuilding the tourism ecosystem, and innovating and investing in sustainable tourism. "
"At its core, tourism is about experiences, including the flavors of local food, exploring local landscapes and historical landmarks. But it is primarily about people, whether they are local guides, accommodation operators or other providers. services that make your trip special or help you do business and reach international markets. As such, our collective response must put people first and fulfill our commitment to leave no one behind. This crisis should be an opportunity to ensure a fairer distribution of tourism benefits and advance the transition to a more resilient and carbon neutral tourism economy".

IATA por su parte pidió ayer a los gobiernos que apoyen a la industria durante la próxima temporada de invierno boreal con medidas de alivio adicionales, incluida la ayuda financiera que no agregue más deuda al balance general ya altamente endeudado de la industria. Hasta la fecha, los gobiernos de todo el mundo han proporcionado $ 160 mil millones en apoyo, que incluyen ayuda directa, subsidios salariales, desgravaciones fiscales corporativas y desgravaciones fiscales específicas de la industria, incluidos los impuestos al combustible.
“Estamos agradecidos por este apoyo, que tiene como objetivo garantizar que la industria del transporte aéreo siga siendo viable y esté lista para reconectar las economías y respaldar millones de empleos en viajes y turismo. Pero la crisis es más profunda y más larga de lo que cualquiera de nosotros podría haber imaginado. Y los programas de apoyo iniciales se están agotando. Hoy debemos volver a tocar la campana de alarma. Si estos programas de apoyo no se reemplazan o amplían, las consecuencias para una industria que ya se encuentra en dificultades serán nefastas ”, dijo Alexandre de Juniac, Director General y CEO de IATA.
“Históricamente, el efectivo generado durante la temporada alta de verano ayuda a apoyar a las aerolíneas durante los meses de invierno más magros. Lamentablemente, la desastrosa primavera y el verano de este año no proporcionaron un colchón. De hecho, las aerolíneas gastaron dinero en efectivo durante todo el período. Y sin un calendario para que los gobiernos reabran las fronteras sin cuarentenas que acaben con los viajes, no podemos confiar en un rebote de la temporada navideña de fin de año para proporcionar un poco de dinero extra para ayudarnos hasta la primavera ”, dijo de Juniac.
IATA estima que a pesar de recortar los costos un poco más del 50% durante el segundo trimestre, la industria pasó por $ 51 mil millones en efectivo, ya que los ingresos cayeron casi un 80% en comparación con el período del año anterior. La fuga de efectivo continuó durante los meses de verano, y se espera que las aerolíneas gasten $ 77 mil millones adicionales de su efectivo durante la segunda mitad de este año y otros $ 60-70 mil millones en 2021. No se espera que la industria se convierta en efectivo hasta 2022 .
Las aerolíneas han tomado amplias medidas de autoayuda para reducir costos. Esto incluye estacionar miles de aeronaves, cortar rutas y cualquier gasto no crítico y licencia y despedir a cientos de miles de empleados experimentados y dedicados.
“Se necesita el apoyo del gobierno para todo el sector. El impacto se ha extendido a toda la cadena de valor de los viajes, incluidos nuestros socios de infraestructura aeroportuaria y de navegación aérea, que dependen de los niveles de tráfico anteriores a la crisis para mantener sus operaciones. Los aumentos en las tarifas de los usuarios del sistema para compensar la brecha sería el comienzo de un círculo vicioso e implacable de nuevas presiones de costos y reducciones. Eso prolongará la crisis para el 10% de la actividad económica mundial que está vinculada a los viajes y el turismo ”, dijo de Juniac.

 

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